The consequences of obesity

People suffering from obesity are prone to musculoskeletal disorders because the lumbar vertebrae burdened excessively, leading to injury. Obesity also increases the risk of rheumatoid arthritis. Bone disease predispose patients to reduced physical activity, worsening obesity.

The consequences of obesity

Obesity is overweight due to increased fat mass. If body fat distribution, which is the case body obesity. If excess fat concentrated in the abdomen, buttocks, thighs, it is centripetal obesity, very dangerous as easily lead to dyslipidemia. The waist / hips (Waist Hip Ratio - WHR) to assess obesity. Larger WHR in men and 0.95 in women is greater than 0.85 at an alarming rate. BMI is commonly used to evaluate body weight (BMI greater than 25 is considered obese). Sometimes just waist is enough to determine obesity (men 90 cm, women 80 cm).

Obesity can lead to the following consequences:

- Heart disease: Tim difficult contractions. Fat also narrows the coronary arteries, obstructing blood flow to the heart, causing a heart attack.

- Hypertension.

- Lipid disorders: Obesity increases the concentration of triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol, reduced HDL-cholesterol levels in the blood. Abdominal obesity prone to dyslipidemia.

- Diabetes: Obesity whole body and abdominal fat is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Obese women have 2.5 times higher risk of diabetes compared to normal people.

- Stroke: People with a BMI greater than 30 vulnerable to death from cerebrovascular disease. If there are additional risk factors (type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia), a stroke can happen to people with lower BMI

- Reduced fertility: In obesity, adipose tissue disorders ovaries, eggs grow and nine monthly loss, poor egg quality, menstrual disorders. Too much fat will fill the ovaries and cause amenorrhea. Obesity is also likely to cause polycystic syndrome, fertilized difficult, easy abortion. It should be noted as menopause, some women could increase abdominal fat.

- Reduce respiratory function: Fat in the diaphragm, the diaphragm less flexibility, reduced ventilation, causing shortness of breath, depriving the brain of oxygen, creating the Pickwick syndrome. Sleep apnea is also a common problem in patients with severe obesity, especially abdominal obesity and neck too big.

- Increase osteoarthritis: The arthritis suffer excessive weight will ease the pain. Amount of uric acid in the fat increase, likely to cause gout. Many studies have confirmed that as BMI increased, serum uric acid levels increase.

- Cancer: obese men prone to colorectal cancer, while women more susceptible to cancers of the biliary tract, breast, uterus, ovary.

- Gastrointestinal disease: obesity prone to gallbladder disease, liver abnormalities, hepatic steatosis, fatty bowel, bowel sounds decrease (causing bloating, constipation); intestinal vascular system is hampered, cause hemorrhoids.

For children, obesity is also great harm. These children prone to obesity in adulthood; risk of cardiovascular disease (coronary artery disease: double; atherosclerosis: more than 7; cerebral vascular accident: 13 times).

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