Cholesterol: What you should know

Why cholesterol tests
Because cholesterol is closely linked with cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the world. Said in cardiovascular disease, including heart disease, mainly ischemic 
Cholesterol: What you should know

heart disease like myocardial infarction, and vascular disease mainly cerebrovascular complications 
such as hemorrhage or cerebral infarction. Deaths from heart disease leading. It is worth mentioning here that the majority of cases of both diseases as a cause is atherosclerosis, but atherosclerosis is closely related to blood cholesterol. 21st century, the World Health Organization said that cardiovascular mortality is the top, so that blood cholesterol tests are still needed in the long term! Table 1 shows that the higher the cholesterol, the mortality due to ischemic heart disease as much.
Those who need blood cholesterol

If possible, do cholesterol for everyone over 20 years of age, but to save, test priority for people with one of the patients of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, cerebral vascular accident, illness peripheral artery (inflammatory artery details), hypertension, diabetes, obesity; either father, mother, siblings with the disease. In case of normal results , after 5 years to do.
How much blood cholesterol is high?

Cholesterol of 5.2 mmol / 1 or less is normal, from 5.2 to 6.2 is slightly higher, 6.2 or higher is clearly high. However, these figures are only approximate. because even the cholesterol below 5.2 are 3-4 thousand deaths due to ischemia (Table 1). If possible, do cholestero
How much cholesterol to be treated?
Today, more people on the basis of LDL cholesterol, LDL Table 1 shows how many physical diseases, for the treatment of people still have to review the risk factors and distinguish the following cases : 1 - In case of high risk, ie myocardial infarction, angina or diabetes: LDL from 2.6 to start treatment, and from 3.4 to take medicine. 2 - Where the average risk means having two or more risk factors (see Table 2 lists the risk factors eg hypertension and smoking: 3.4 LDL treatment; LDL 4 , one of the drug. 3. HDL <1 mmol / 1. If> 1.5 mmol / 1, unless a risk factor. 4 immediate family history of early coronary artery disease (men <55 years ; women <65 years old) 5. old Age: male> 45; women> 55 years old 5 - in case of low risk, that is only one of the risk factors in Table 2: LDL from 4 becomes new need of treatment , and only consider use drugs when LDL than 4.9. If not LDL, can be based on the cholesterol; LDL 3.4 and 4.1 as equivalent to cholesterol 5.2 and 6.2. 
The treatment of high blood cholesterol how?

Unless high risk, should always start with lifestyle modification in 2-3 months, if not new drug targets.

Changed the way we live is composed of four main points: 1. Eat less saturated fat and less cholesterol; 2. Eat more fiber. 3. Weight reduction 4. Increase physical activity. Please see the separate article on these points.

Sponsored Links